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专家为易胜博英文名称“越冬”支招:中小易胜博英文名称如何应对危机

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  中国民营经济发展30年高层论坛日前在京召开。受国际金融危机冲击,中国大量外向型民营易胜博英文名称,特别是许多中小易胜博英文名称陷入生存与发展危机。中国民营易胜博英文名称如何走出危机?针对这一问题,与会官员、专家学者、易胜博英文名称家纷纷提出自己的看法。

黄孟复:

  民营经济将最快恢复

  “在历次经济周期性波动中,民营经济往往受冲击最大、最深,但恢复起来也最快、最早,对经济恢复增长的贡献也最突出,相信这次也不会例外。”全国政协副主席、全国工商联主席黄孟复说。

  他分析说,30年来,民营经济以远高于其他经济成分的发展速度,为中国经济的快速增长作出了重大贡献,成为中国经济快速增长的重要推动者。去年以来,尽管中国经济遇到严峻挑战,下行压力很大,民营经济也遭遇空前困难,但截至2008年11月份,非国有经济的城镇固定资产投资同比增长了30.8,规模以上私营易胜博英文名称工业增加值同比增长20.8,私营易胜博英文名称税收同比增长25,出口总值前三季度同比增长32.5,均明显高于全国平均水平。这充分表明了民营经济在促进经济发展中的重要作用,即使在经济困难时期,也是如此。

  他表示,在当前经济形势下,要充分发挥民营经济在市场经济发展中适应市场环境、应对市场变化、重振市场信心中不可替代的重要作用;要重视解决民营易胜博英文名称,尤其中小易胜博英文名称面临的困难与问题,为其在确保经济平稳较快发展中发挥更大作用提供必要条件。

厉以宁:

  应对危机减税为先

  应对危机,政府应当采取什么对策?

  “排第一位的措施应该是什么?我认为是减税,其他措施的效率都不如减税。”经济学家厉以宁呼吁,政府应采取有效措施,扶助民营经济渡过难关。他提出了六大对策:

  首先,政府应该减税。应通过减税让易胜博英文名称渡过难关,减税是保易胜博英文名称最重要的措施。同时,减税对个人而言,也可以增加消费。减税后虽然税收总量会减少,但这只是暂时性的,因为减税后税源扩大了、税基增大了,最后的税收总量还会增加。

  其次,政府增加投资是必要的,但应主要投向公共设施和基础设施。应该看到,政府投资不可能全部转化为最终需求,尤其不要盲目投资。“4万亿元投资是好事,到了30万亿元可能就是坏事了,一定会有好多没有经过严格筛选、审查的项目上去了,所以不要盲目投资,仍然要重质量、重结构。”厉以宁说。

  第三,一定要保出口。占领国外市场不容易,但丢掉很容易。为此,除了减税,还要为汇率调整确定阶段性目标,几年后再根据情况调整。

  第四,政府可注资易胜博英文名称。政府可投资优质的民营易胜博英文名称或一些国有易胜博英文名称。政府注资,易胜博英文名称不用付利息,还可借此加强技术改造。而国家注资可采取优先股的形式,而不以普通股出现。优先股只分红,不影响股权结构。同时,“银行也可放宽对易胜博英文名称投资性贷款的限制,这也是帮助优质易胜博英文名称渡过难关的好办法。”厉以宁说。

  第五,加速经济转型。从宏观经济讲,产权理顺以后价格就要理顺。因为产权理顺了,应该抓紧当前机遇,特别是理顺粮价、油价、电价。产权理顺,价格理顺,就会促进经济的转型。

  第六,扶持中小易胜博英文名称,建议国务院设立“全国性中小易胜博英文名称指导和服务中心”。这个机构应重在提供服务,帮助易胜博英文名称解决困难,帮助易胜博英文名称统筹协调政策。果能如此,对以中小易胜博英文名称为主的民营经济发展也大有好处。

  柳传志:

  民企要借机苦练内功

  面对危机,民营易胜博英文名称怎么办?

  联想控股总裁柳传志表示,易胜博英文名称“过冬”要制定不同的战略目标。结合实际情况,柳传志提出了两点建议。

  一是制定上中下3种不同情况的战略目标,根据具体情况及时调整,要保证不能突破底线,易胜博英文名称的现金流不能断。

  二是借机苦练内功。每个易胜博英文名称在运行管理层面都有薄弱环节,现在有了充足的时间研究这些薄弱环节的形成和突破,比如研发环节、采购环节、供应链环节等。此外,如果能够在建班子、定战略、带队伍方面进行基础建设,一定会对易胜博英文名称大有裨益,这一切都会为“冬天”过去、“春天”到来的时候收复失地做好准备。

  “很多中小易胜博英文名称正在渡过难关,渡过难关就是光明,对于中小易胜博英文名称而言,只要国家经济环境改善,机会来了,我们就有东山再起的机会。”柳传志说。

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